Seizures are one of the most frequently reported neurological conditions in dogs. There are many causes of seizures. Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. Other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, or toxins.Seizures often occur at times of changing brain activity, such as during excitement or feeding, or as the dog is falling asleep or waking up. Treatments for seizures in dog vary according to the causes of the seizures. Some medications include Gabapentin, which is used as an adjunctive therapy for dogs and cats with refractory idiopathic epilepsy, and Primidone, an anticonvulsant prescribed to for long-term use to reduce the frequency and severity of seizures and control epilepsy in dogs.